The conspiration to murder Julius Caesar
On March 15 (the Ides of March) of 44 BC, Caesar expected to show up at a meeting of the Senate. A few Senators had contrived to kill Caesar. Mark Antony, heard of the plot the previous night from an alarmed hero named Servilius Casca, in fear of the worst, went to take Caesar off. The plotters foresaw this and, knew that Antony would go to Caesar's guide, they masterminded Trebonius to catch him as he moved toward the porch of the Theater of Pompey. They confined him outside (Plutarch, in any case, allots this activity of postponing Antony to Brutus Albinus). At the point when he heard the upheaval from the Senate chamber, Antony fled.
Actions of Caesar’s conspirators
Casca, at the same time, created his blade and made a looking push at the tyrant's neck. Caesar pivoted rapidly and got Casca by the arm. Inside minutes, the whole gathering, including Brutus, was striking out at him. Caesar endeavored to escape, blinded by blood, he stumbled and fell; the men kept stabbing him as he lay exposed on the lower steps of the porch. As per Eutropius, around 60 men participated in his assassination by stabbing him 23 times.
As indicated by Suetonius, a doctor later settled that just one injury, the second one to his chest, had been lethal. The dictator's final words are not known with assurance and are a challenging subject among researchers and students of history the same. Reports have it that Caesar's last words were the Greek expression "καὶ σύ, τέκνον;" (transliterated as "Kai su, teknon?": "You as well, child?" in English). In any case, Suetonius assessed that Caesar said nothing.
The aftermath of the assassination
The outcome unexpected by the assassins was that Caesar's demise encouraged the finish of the Roman Republic. The Roman center and lower classes, with whom Caesar was massively well known and had been since before Gaul, became rankled that a little gathering of blue-bloods had slaughtered their boss. Antony, who had been floating separated from Caesar, profited from the melancholy of the Roman crowd and took steps to release them on the Optimates, maybe to assume responsibility for Rome himself.
Julius Caesar was the first Roman to be formally revered. After his death, he was conceded the title Divus Iulius (the awesome/exalted Julius) by the pronouncement of the Roman Senate on January 1, 42 BC. The presence of a comet during games in his respect was taken as an affirmation of his heavenliness. Although his sanctuary was committed after his death, he may have gotten divine distinctions during his lifetime: and in no time before his death, Mark Antony had been named as his flamen (priest). Both Octavian and Mark Antony advanced the religion of Divus Iulius. After the demise of Caesar, Octavian, as the supportive child of Caesar, accepted the title of Divi Filius (child of a divine being).