The history of the civil war led by Julius Caesar
In 50 BC, the Senate (driven by Pompey) requested Caesar to disband his military and come back to Rome since his term as a senator had finished. Caesar figured that there would be accusations against him if he entered Rome without the insusceptibility delighted in by a justice. Pompey blamed Caesar for rebellion and conspiracy. Caesar crossed the Rubicon on January 10, 49 BC, stream (the outskirts limit of Italy) with just a solitary army, the Legio XIII Gemina, and sparked a civil war. Although Pompey continued to ridicule Caesar, who just had his Thirteenth Legion with him, didn't mean to battle. Caesar sought after Pompey, planning to catch Pompey before his armies could escape.
Pompey figured out how to escape before Caesar could catch him. Heading for Spain, Caesar left Italy heavily influenced by Mark Antony. Following an astounding 27-day course walk, Caesar crushed Pompey's lieutenants, at that point returned east, to challenge Pompey in Illyria, where, on July 10, 48 BC, in the battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar scarcely kept away from disastrous destruction. In an exceedingly short commitment soon after that, he definitively defeated Pompey at Pharsalus in Greece on August 9, 48 BC.
Cleopatra and Caesar
Caesar giving Cleopatra the throne of Egypt-Pietro de Cortone-MBA
This mid-first century-BC Roman divider painting in Pompeii, Italy, indicating Venus holding a cupid is doubtlessly a portrayal of Cleopatra VII of Ptolemaic Egypt as Venus Genetrix, with her child Caesarion as the cupid, comparable in appearance to the now lost statue of Cleopatra raised by Julius Caesar in the Temple of Venus Genetrix (inside the Forum of Caesar). The proprietor of the House of Marcus Fabius Rufus at Pompeii walled off the life with this canvas, in all likelihood in prompt response to the execution of Caesarion on requests of Augustus in 30 BC, when original delineations of Caesarion was considered a touchy issue for the decision regime.
In Rome, Caesar was delegated dictator, with Mark Antony as his Master of the Horse (second in order); Caesar directed his own political decision to a subsequent consulship and afterward, following 11 days, surrendered this dictatorship. Caesar, at that point, sought after Pompey to Egypt, showing up not long after the homicide of the general. There, Caesar was given Pompey's cut off head and seal-ring, getting these with tears.
Caesar and the Egyptian civil war
Caesar, at that point, got associated with an Egyptian civil war between the child pharaoh and his sister, spouse, and co-official sovereign, Cleopatra. Maybe because of the pharaoh's job in Pompey's homicide, Caesar agreed with Cleopatra. Caesar withstood the Siege of Alexandria, and later he crushed the pharaoh's powers at the Battle of the Nile in 47 BC and introduced Cleopatra as ruler. Caesar and Cleopatra commended their triumph with a triumphal parade on the Nile in the spring of 47 BC.